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Langelier Saturation Index Calculator

This calculator helps you determine the scaling potential of the water by using the Langelier Saturation Index.

Give the values of your water analysis. All the fields with * are required.

Table 1: Input table
pH *
Conductivity / TDS *
[Ca2+] *
[HCO3-] *
Water temperature *

If you do not have a water analysis you can use the values in table 2. Click on a button at the bottom of table 2

Table 2 : Additional data
pH = 7.7 8 8.6
TDS = 20 34483 273 mg/l
[Ca2+] = 5 400 49 mg/l
[HCO3-] = 10 140 121 mg/l
T = 20 20 20 degree C
Table 3: Results Langelier Saturation Index
Indication based on Langelier (1936)
Indication based on improved Langelier by Carrier (1965)
The Langelier Saturation Index formula is

For an explanation of the formula click here.

The indications for the LSI and the improved LSI by Carrier are based on the following values:

LSI Indication
LSI<0 Water is undersaturated with respect to calcium carbonate. Undersaturated water has a tendency to remove existing calcium carbonate protective coatings in pipelines and equipment.
LSI=0 Water is considered to be neutral. Neither scale-forming nor scale removing.
LSI>0 Water is supersaturated with respect to calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and scale forming may occur.
LSI (Carrier) Indication
-2,0<-0,5 Serious corrosion
-0,5<0 Slightly corrosion but non-scale forming
LSI = 0,0 Balanced but pitting corrosion possible
0,0<0,5 Sligthly scale forming and corrosive
0,5<2 Scale forming but non corrosive

[1] : Kevin Rafferty, Scaling in geothermal heat pump systems, U.S. Department of Energy (july 1999)
[2] : Metcalf and Eddy, Wastewater Engineering Treatment and Reuse 2003

Explanation of the Langelier Saturation formula.

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Warning: Lenntech BV cannot be held responsible for errors in the calculation, the program itself or the explanation. For questions or remarks please contact us.

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