Volcanic eruptions and environment
Environmental impact of volcanic eruptions
| On locations where tectonic plates diverge or converge, volcanoes can be found. A volcano consists of a deep magma chamber where magma accumulates, pipes that lead to surface vents, and the vents through which lava is emitted during a volcanic eruption. Volcanoes are often known to have a mountain-like shape (see picture). |
Figure 1: layout of a volcano
Volcanoes that have not erupted for some time are dormant, and volcanoes that have not erupted even in the distant past are called extinct. Volcanic activity and volcanic eruption is usually triggered by alterations of tectonic plates, resulting in landslides or earthquakes.
An example of a volcanic eruption that caused substantial environmental damage is the Mount Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines.