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Pretreatment options for large scale SWRO plants: case studies of UF trials at Kindasa, Saudi Arabia, and conventional pretreatment in Spain
... into supply in 2000. However, occasional poor quality conditions have occurred during storms, or periods of algal bloom, which have resulted in SDI’s to the RO exceeding target levels. Accordingly, an interest was expressed in utilizing ultrafiltration (UF) as an alternative to conventional pr ...
Desalination 167 (2004)
... temperature. The DAF performance to remove colloidal matter and suspended solids was evaluated through the measurement of the silt density index (SDI) and the modified fouling index (MFI) of the treated water. The air saturation pressure was varied between 300 and 600 kPa and the recycle rati ...
Desalination 228 (2008)
... fouling potential could be a more sensible parameter, supplementing the analytical tools actually used for design purpose. The silt density index (SDI) is a parameter characterising the fouling potential of water. It is one of the most important parameter for the design and operation of RO membran ...
Desalination 222 (2008)
Comparison of an ultrafiltration membrane fed with raw seawater, coagulated seawater and cooling tower blowdown
... and clarified feed water provided by the coagulation process will benefit the membrane module for long-term operation. Keywords: Ultrafiltration; SDI; Seawater; Cooling tower blowdown; Flux; Fouling 0011-9164/09/$– See front matter © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserve ...
Desalination 244 (2009)
... method has been analyzed theoretically. Keywords: Electrochemical method; Pretreatment; Seawater reverse osmosis; Desalination; Turbidity; SDI; Green chemistry 0011-9164/09/$– See front matter © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserve ...
Desalination 239 (2009)