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Resource recovery from urban waste: Options and challenges for community-based composting in sub-Saharan Africa
Municipal authorities in developing countries are facing immense challenges in managing both solid and liquid waste in a sustainable way. Recycling is not yet high on their agenda although they appreciate the potential of composting for waste volume reduction. This offers an entry point t ...
Desalination 251 (2010)
Membrane methods in tailoring simpler, more efficient, and cost effective wastewater treatment alternatives
... to hardness removal (3) absence of sludge formation (4) absence of steps of slow kinetics, and (5) absence of need to subsequent water filtration. Recycling of NF filtrate to the initial RO feed could raise the total process recovery to 95% with only minor additional cost. On the other hand ...
Desalination 222 (2008)
For a specific textile finishing company strategies for water recycling and recovery of valuable chemicals have been developed. A comprehensive study of the company’s resource consumption and emission profile wa ...
Desalination 171 (2004)
Religious, philosophical and environmentalist perspectives on potable wastewater reuse in Durban, South Africa
... ethnic and environmental groups who might hold deep philosophical objections to wastewater reuse. It is also widely known that where wastewater recycling has been considered, public concerns have been intense, sometimes leading to the abandonment of initiatives. Project objectives were to determin ...
Desalination 228 (2008)
... reuse option does not target the actual disposal of the membrane module, and is highly dependent of reuse lifespan. The results also show that recycling and disposal in EAF are both relatively favourable options, with EAF being particularly suitable for the minimisation of waste volume. While th ...
Desalination 357 (2015)