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... range of potentials and flow rates applied in the ED system (TS-1-10 Tokuyama), a cost analysis and a model development were carried out for the brine containing 580 mg Na+/L. Although the higher the potential applied, the shorter the operation time of desalination, high values of specific powe ...
Desalination 136 (2001)
... into an industrial zone instead of an area of tourism and recreation. The impact on groundwater mainly occurs if pipelines carrying seawater or brine are laid above an aquifer. It also occurs in the case of feed drilling. In such cases the aquifer may be damaged either by infiltration of salin ...
Desalination 152 (2002)
... the dangers of the environment to desalination. Keywords: Seawater desalination; Environmental impact; Impact assessment; EIA; Marine environment; Brine; Wastewater; Energy; Chemicals; Chlorine; Antiscalants 1. Introduction Many semi-arid and arid regions in the world suffer from structural wate ...
Desalination 220 (2008)
Southern Tunisian’s natural brines represent an important source of mineral salts with a high economic value. These salts are recoverable by simple solar evaporation. Indeed, durin ...
Desalination 166 (2004)
The use of simulated whole efﬂuents in toxicity assessments: A review of case studies from reverse osmosis desalination plants
Article history: Received 30 October 2014 Received in revised form 7 January 2015 Accepted 8 January 2015 Available online 20 January 2015 Keywords: Brine Environmental impact Ecotoxicology Marine Wastewater a b s t r a c t Seawater desalination is an increasingly common means to meet the demand fo ...
Desalination 368 (2015)
A protocol is proposed whereby waste ﬂy ash and CO2 emissions from coal ﬁred power plants are utilized in remediating brine waste. The solid residues generated may be used as mine backﬁll since they consist mainly of benign calcium carbonate. Following treatment with ...
Desalination 353 (2014)
... 28 August 2010 Received in revised form 7 October 2010 Accepted 7 October 2010 Available online 1 November 2010 Keywords: Seawater Concentrate Brine Salinity tolerance Discharge Outfall Collocation Disposal a b s t r a c t This article discusses the available alternatives for ocean concentrat ...
Desalination 273 (2011)
Application of forward osmosis for reducing volume of produced/Process water from oil and gas operations
This research evaluated a novel application of forward osmosis (FO) to reduce the volumes of PPW disposed of by deep well injection using brine from thermal desalination plants or seawater as draw solutions. In the case of brines, this process also provides some environmentally beneﬁcia ...
Desalination 376 (2015)
The forward osmosis (FO) process potentially can be used as an alternative to traditional brine treatment technologies due to its low energy requirement. In this study, the feasibility of concentration of brine by the FO process wa ...
Desalination 224 (2008)