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Surface water treatment
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The feasibility of ultra and microfiltration depends strongly on the achieved net flux. Direct treatment of surface water frequently results in low net fluxes and high cleaning frequencies. This is largely determined by the quality of the feed water and th ...
Desalination 139 (2001)
The conventional treatment for production of drinking water from surface water generally consists of coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation and sand filtration. One of the main disadvantages of the conventiona ...
Desalination 231 (2008)
Nanofiltration is an effective technique in improving the organic matter removal from coagulated surface water, but the process should also be economically feasible and environmentally sustainable when applied. Cost and environmental impact of... feasible and environmentally sustainable when applied. Cost and environmental impact of nanofiltration installed after conventional surface water treatment were calculated and evaluated at different operating parameters in this study. The installation of nanofiltration after conventional surface ...
Desalination 201 (2006)
Although submerged microfiltration is widely used as a pretreatment process for surface water treatment and RO desalination, its high energy consumption is a major drawback compared to conventional pretreatment. Especially, aeratio ...
Desalination 249 (2009)