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Constructed wetlands for the Mediterranean countries: hybrid systems for water reuse and sustainable sanitation
... of the constructed wetland system. The most powerful combinations seems to be the coupling of horizontal and vertical submerged flow beds, called hybrid systems, which performances are analysed in the present paper. In terms of overall performances the following mean removal rates were obtained: COD
Desalination 215 (2007)
Integration of photocatalysis with membrane processes for puriﬁcation of water contaminated with organic dyes
The aim of the presented work was the investigation on the possibility of application of the hybrid photocatalysis/membrane processes system for removal of azo dyes (Acid Red 18, Direct Green 99 and Acid Yellow 36) from water. The photocatalytic... during the NF and MD high retention of degradation products was obtained. Keywords: Titanium dioxide; Photocatalysis; Membrane processes; Hybrid systems; Azo dyes 1. Introduction Water pollution due to toxic organic compounds is a serious problem nowadays since the legal regulations concernin ...
Desalination 241 (2009)
... mainly due to much lower energy consumption and the recent technological advances that have been achieved in membranes. Under special conditions hybrid systems can offer increased and more stable production of fresh water. Desalination 223 (2008) 448–456 Water desalination cost literature: revie ...
Desalination 223 (2008)
... whose behavior of interest is determined by interacting continuous and discrete dynamics. This approach can be applied not only to intrinsic hybrid processes but also to other systems as for example continuous processes with supervisory logic, multi-model control systems, switching control, et ...
Desalination 152 (2002)