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... the reverse osmosis with the multi-stage flash process. The hybrid process is usually planned to improve the performance of MSF and reduce the cost of desalted water. Most of the studies on these plants refer to the parameters (both technical and economical) that have been obtained in the... with large amounts of energy resources (for example an Opec country) with that of a non-Opec country. Keywords: Desalination; Hybrid process; Cost analysis; non-Opec countries 0011-9164/08/$– See front matter © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserve ...
Desalination 228 (2008)
Solar still an appropriate technology for potable water need of remote villages of desert state of India — Rajasthan
... easy to construct and maintain. Most parts of Rajasthan have enough solar radiation available which is the prime input for the system. A low cost high efficiency solar still with porous evaporating surface is fabricated for the purpose and cost analysis is done to calculate the cost of wate ...
Desalination 220 (2008)
... the same membrane processes as the previous study using advanced simulation for the variables involved in the process, including the sensitivity cost analysis as well. The scale of the current plant is an industrial one (5400–7200 kg/h) and therefore the results can be a more realistic suppor ...
Desalination 224 (2008)
... with Great Man-Made River (GMMR) supplied from rich ground water reservoirs located in the southern desert regions. This paper (Ib) will conduct the cost analysis study by considering the influence of interest rates on capital costs, as compared to the first paper (Ia) which neglected the effect o ...
Desalination 220 (2008)
Optimization and economic analysis of small scale nanoﬁltration and reverse osmosis brackish water system powered by photovoltaics
... of AC current generated by 1.5 kWh PV system during the PSSH was found enough to operate the NF-C-RO hybrid membrane unit. (4) The water production cost of NF–RO hybrid system (Rs.99.81/m3) was about 1.6 times lesser than NF (Rs.158.46/m3) and 4 times lesser than RO (Rs.400.49/m3) system in... (2014) 57–74 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Desalination journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/desal Optimization and economic analysis of small scale nanoﬁltration and reverse osmosis brackish water system powered by photovoltaics Manoj Chandra Garg ⁎, Himanshu Josh ...
Desalination 353 (2014)
... a control, which did not include the cylinder. The resulting percent improvement far exceeds that obtained by other modiﬁcations. Unit production cost estimates varied between 6 and 60 $/m3 depending on discount rates, productivity, service lifetime and initial capital costs. These projections are... for fuel-based brackish water and seawater desalination were thus adjusted to include unaccounted-for costs related to environmental damage. This analysis yielded results that further justify the economic feasibility of the new modiﬁed solar still, particularly for seawater desalination. © 201 ...
Desalination 335 (2014)