The hardness in water is caused by certain salts. The main hardness causing ions are Calcium (Ca2+), Magnesium (Mg2+) and Bicarbonate (HCO3-). These ions are normally addressed as scale in the water causing (lime) scaling of pipes and equipment.
In many applications, e.g. the preparation of drinking water, water in breweries and sodas, but also cooling- and boiler feed water the hardness of the water is of importance.
Lenntech offers budget water softeners for households, laboratories and industrial applications. All water softeners from Lenntech are equipped with a FLECK valve. The installation of a water softener can be easily done by a plumber.
The FLECK valves can be 'time' or 'quantity' controlled.
Time controlled means; a regeneration can be regulated by a time clock. You can adjust the FLECK considering the amount of water you use, and the hardness of the water. For instance; a regeneration every two days.
With a quantity controlled valve, the FLECK measures the amount of water softened. When regeneration is needed, the softener will start to regenerate.
The maintenance for a water softener is nil. You need to fill your brine tank with regeneration salt when it's almost empty.
For all your questions on softening move to the water softener FAQ