Anaemia

Anaemia
Arsenicosis
Ascariasis
Botulism
Campylobacteriosis
Cholera
Cryptosporiodiosis
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Leptospirosis
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Malaria
Malnutrition
Methaemoglobinemia
Onchocerciasis
Polio
Ring Worm or Tinea
Scabies
Schistomiasis
Trachoma
Trichuriasis
Typhoid

Anaemia is a lack of red blood cells and/or haemoglobin.

This results in a reduced ability of blood to transfer oxygen to the tissues. In the milder form anaemia is asymptomatic. In the more severe form it is associated with fatigue, weakness, dizziness and drowsiness. Signs include loss of normal colour in the skin and in the lips, tongue, nail beds and the blood vessels in the white of the eyes.

Without treatment, anaemia can worsen and become an underlying cause of chronic health, such as impaired foetal development during pregnancy, delayed cognitive development and increased risk of infection in young children.

Anaemia is common throughout the world. Its main cause, iron deficiency, is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency in the world. Several infections related to hygiene, sanitation, safe water and water management are significant contributors to anaemia in addition to iron deficiency.
Nine out of ten anaemia sufferers live in developing countries, about 2 billion people suffer from anaemia and an even larger number of people present iron deficiency (WHO, 2000).

Click here to learn for more information about waterborne diseases, dimension of the problem, transmission, prevention.

Click here to find out which vitamins you can take to prevent disease

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/anaemia
http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/diseases/anaemia/en/
Picture:
http://images.google.com/images?hl=en&lr=&rls=GGLD%2CGGLD%3A2005-12%2CGGLD%3Aen&q=anaemia







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